John Quincy Adams
Martin Van Buren
William H. Harrison
James K. Polk
Ulysses S. Grant
Rutherford B. Hayes
James A. Garfield
Chester A. Arthur
William H. Taft
Warren G. Harding
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Harry S Truman
Dwight D. Eisenhower
John F. Kennedy
Lyndon B. Johnson
Richard M. Nixon
Gerald R. Ford
George W. Bush
Assassinations and Attempted Assassinations of U.S. Presidents
Note: I just began work on this page. I will be adding to it all most every day
until it is near done. I have posted five new pages.
Four U.S. Presidents have been Assassinated:
- Abraham Lincoln
- James Garfield
- William McKinley
- John Kennedy
Several Presidents have had attempts made to assassinate them:
In the the 1700's and most of the 1800's presidents did not have guards and secret service protection around the clock like presidents do today. In fact the is a story of a man who entered the White House and went up stairs and pounded on President Jackson's bedroom door. The noise woke others who took the man to the basement to hold him until morning. The man escape and was never found.
President Tyler was the first president to request protection. He had seen the attempt on Jackson's life and thought he needed it. At the time there was only one armed doorman at the north door of the White House. Congress granted him four men to protect the White House.
It was the choice of the president if he wanted protection or not. During the Civil War security was increased for Lincoln. After the war the decision was left to the president. Even after Lincoln and Garfield were assassinated it was up the president to decide if he wanted armed protection.
After the assassination of McKinley the Secretary of The Treasury made it official that the Secret Service would protect the president. In 1992 the White House Police Unit was form. They were later move to part of the Secret Service. The Secret Service now protects other members of the presidential family and others. These are some of the changes in who the Secret Service protects:
- President elect - 1913
- Presidents immediate family - 1917
- Vice President - 1951
- Vice President elect - 1962
- Former Presidents and their wives - 1965
- The widow of a former President until she remarries 1968
- Former president's children until age 16 - 1968
- Major presidential and vice-presidential candidates - 1968
- Visiting heads of state and their spouses - 1971
The "Curse of Tippecanoe"
The curse began with William Harrison (Tippecanoe and Tyler Too) who died in 1841. He was elected in 1840. For a 120 years, every president elected in a year ending is zero died will serving in office. A zero is in an election every 20 years. The story is told that Tecumseh's older brother known as the Prophet set a curse on Harrison and future occupants of the White House in years that end with the same number as Harrison's election. He did this because of the treaty me of the Native Americans after a war. The curse was broken by Reagan (1980). He was shot but not killed. In 2000, George Bush was elected. There was an attempt against his life but he was not injured.
The Presidents of the United States. 22 September 2004: http://www.whitehouse.gov/history/presidents/
Davis, Gibbs and Ilus. David A. Johnson. Wackiest White House Pets. New York: Scholastic Press, October 2004
James, Barber and Amy Pastan. Smithsonian Presidents and First Ladies. New York: DK Publishing, 2002
Kane, Joseph Natan. Facts about the Presidents from Washington to Johnson. New York: H.W. Wilson Company, 1964.
McCullough, Noah, The Essential Book of Presidential Trivia. Random House, USA, 2006
Presidential Wit and Wisdom: Memorable Quotes from George Washington to Barack Obama
. Dover Publications, Mineola, New York, 2009
Huffington Post web site.
The Complete Book of Presidential Trivia,
Pelican Publishing Company, Gretna, 2011
O'Reilly, Bill, and Dugard, Martin, Killing Lincoln: The Shocking Assassination that Changed America Forever, Henry Holt and Company, New York, 2011
St. George, Judith
In the Line of Fire: Presidents' Lives at Stake
, Scholastic Inc. New York, 2001
In addition to these books, I have also read and have used information from those listed on my Books About Presidents page.