1897 - 1901
William McKinley was born in Niles, Ohio on January 29, 1845.
He was the last president that served in the Civil War. (Harrison was the last General.)
McKinley was a Methodist. He was a very religious man. He kissed and read from the bible as his inauguration. He also use to sing hymns and invite guest to his house to sing with him.
William was 5' 7" tall and weighed all most 200 pounds.
He was the first man in his hometown to volunteer when the Civil War broke out. He worked in a regiment commanded by another future president, Rutherford B. Hayes.
William McKinley lost both children: Ida 4 months old and Katherine, 4 years old, in the 1870's. His wife was so devastated that she became an invalid for the rest of her life.
Whenever his wife suffered an epileptic seizure in public, there was always one thing McKinley would do: throw a napkin over her face. He ignored protocol at official dinners by seating his wife at his right so he could help her if necessary. Captain Leonard Wood, assisting attending surgeon in Washington, D.C., treated Mrs. McKinley with skill and compassion and became close to the president.
He was the first president to use campaign buttons.
He refused to be photographed unless impeccably groomed.
He was the first president to appear in film. Thomas Edison mad a short film of McKinley.
He was the first president to have his inauguration filmed.
McKinley was the first to campaign by telephone.
William McKinley was the first president to ride in an automobile. He went to the hospital in an ambulance when he was shot.
He refused to leave his invalid wife for long campaign tours, so his campaign manager arranged to have thousands of visitors travel to Canton. McKinley stood on his front porch and gave brief, well-rehearsed talks keyed to the interests of the delegations.
He liked to wear a white vest and a lucky red carnation in his buttonhole.
William McKinley was President during the Spanish-American War, 1898; Boxer Rebellion, 1899-1900. As a result of the war the United States took control of Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines.
Theodore Roosevelt, Assistant Secretary of the Navy, called him a "white-livered cur" when he delayed for weeks deciding whether to commit the U.S. to the Spanish-American War. He also said that McKinley had "no more backbone than an chocolate eclair."
He said later in life: "I have never been in doubt since I was old enough to think intelligently that I would sometime be made President."
He had a pet parrot while he lived in the White House.
When President McKinley was shot, he begged that the man who shot him not be hurt and that his secretary be careful in how Mrs. McKinley was told. He died 8 days later. His wife never returned to the White House and did not attend his burial rites.
William McKinley was assassinated by Leon F. Czolgosz during the Pan American Exposition in Buffalo, New York. He was the third president that was assassinated.
William McKinley had two Vice Presidents.
- Garret Hobart (1897-1901)
- Theodore Roosevelt (1901)
Theodore Roosevelt became President after the assassination of William McKinley.
William McKinley died in Buffalo, New York on September 14, 1901. He was 58 years and 228 days old. He is buried adjacent to Westlawn Cemetery, Canton, Ohio.
There is a large monument to McKinley in Buffalo, New York.
Quotes from McKinley:
"The ideals of yesterday are the truths of today."
"For labor a short day is better than a short dollar."