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Louisa Johnson Adams

Louisa was born on February 12, 1775 in London, England. Was the first First Lady that was born outside of the United States. Father was a merchant from Maryland.

After the American Revolution her family moved to France.

Louisa met John Quincy Adams in 1795 in London. They were married in London on July 26, 1797. She was 22. John was 30.

John became Minister to Russia. She and John moved to Russia while their sons remained in the United States. She didn't enjoy her stay in Russia.

After Russia, they moved to France.

Both John Quincy and Louisa worked to end slavery.

Lousia might have had the smallest pets ever to live in the White House. She raised silk worms. (During colonial times people grew silk worms to make silk that they could sell. The worms spun silk like a spider spins a web. Farmers planted Mulberry trees because the worm like to eat off of those trees.)

Louisa Adams was one of America's most literary first ladies. She wrote plays, essays and poems. One play she wrote was called Suspicion. Some historian think she was the most intelligent First Lady.

John Quincy Adams died of a stroke on February 23, 1848.

Louisa died four years later on May 15, 1852.


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Sources of Information:

Barden, Cindy,Meet the First Ladies, Lorenz Corp.
Gormley, Beatrice,First Ladies: Women Who Called The White House Home (First Ladies) , Scholastic Paperbacks, 1997
Smith, Carter, Editor,Smithsonian Presidents and First Ladies DK Publishing, New York, 2002

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This page was last updated: March 7, 2017