Martha Washington
Abigail Adams
Martha Jefferson
Dolley Madison
Elizabeth Monroe
Louisa Adams
Rachel Jackson
Hannah Van Buren
Anna Harrison

Letitia Tyler
Julia Tyler
Sarah Polk
Margaret Taylor
Abigail Fillmore
Jane Pierce
Harriet Lane Johnson
Mary Lincoln
Eliza Johnson
Julia Grant
Lucy Hayes
Lucretia Garfield
Ellen Arthur
Frances Cleveland
Caroline Harrison
Ida McKinley
Edith Roosevelt
Helen Taft
Ellen Wilson
Edith Wilson
Florence Harding
Grace Coolidge
Lou Hoover
Eleanor Roosevelt
Bess Truman
Mamie Eisenhower
Jacqueline Kennedy
Lady Bird Johnson
Pat Nixon
Betty Ford
Rosalynn Carter
Nancy Reagan
Barbara Bush
Hillary Rodham Clinton
Laura Bush
Michelle Obama
Melania Trump

Lucretia Rudolph Garfield

Lucretia Rudolph was born in Hiram, Ohio on April 19, 1832.

She and James Garfield attended school toghether.

In 1854, James went to Williams College and Lucretia taught school.

They were married on November 11, 1858.

James Garfield was away from home due to his work in the Ohio State Senate. Since he was gone so much Lucretia thought that he didn't love her. She once said their marriage was a "great mistake."

When James was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives and they moved to Washington together, their marriage got better.

Mrs. Garfield
Library of Congress

They had eight children. Only five of the eight lived.

Lucretia was the first First Lady to take inventory of the things in the White House. She used the Library of Congress to research the contents.

Just after her husband's election in 1880 she caught malaria. She went to a resort to recover. While she was gone, Charles J. Guiteau shot and badly wounded James.

Garfield died on September 19, 1881.

She died much later on March 14, 1918 in Pasadena, California. She is buried next to her husband in Cleveland, Ohio.


First Ladies Home

U.S. Presidents Home

Black History



Sources of Information:

Barden, Cindy,Meet the First Ladies, Lorenz Corp.
Gormley, Beatrice,First Ladies: Women Who Called The White House Home (First Ladies) , Scholastic Paperbacks, 1997
Smith, Carter, Editor,Smithsonian Presidents and First Ladies DK Publishing, New York, 2002

Web Sites:
The White House:
Portraits of the Presidents and First Ladies:


This page was last updated: May 11, 2012