US Presidents
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U.S. Presidents
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George Washington
John Adams
Thomas Jefferson
James Madison
James Monroe
John Quincy Adams
Andrew Jackson
Martin Van Buren
William H. Harrison
John Tyler
James K. Polk
Zachary Taylor
Millard Fillmore
Franklin Pierce
James Buchanan
Abraham Lincoln
Andrew Johnson
Ulysses S. Grant
Rutherford B. Hayes
James A. Garfield
Chester A. Arthur
Grover Cleveland
Benjamin Harrison
William McKinley
Theodore Roosevelt
William H. Taft
Woodrow Wilson
Warren G. Harding
Calvin Coolidge
Herbert Hoover
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Harry S Truman
Dwight D. Eisenhower
John F. Kennedy
Lyndon B. Johnson
Richard M. Nixon
Gerald R. Ford
Jimmy Carter
Ronald Reagan
George Bush
Bill Clinton
George W. Bush
Barack Obama
Donald Trump

Key Dates

1782 Martin Van Buren was born in Kinderhook, NY.

1807 Martin married Hannah Hoes.

1812 Martin was elected to the New York Senate.

1819 Martins wife, Hannah, died.

1821 Van Buren was elected to the U.S. Senate.

1828 Martin Van Buren became Governor of New York.

1829 Van Buren became Secretary of State under Jackson.

1832 Van Buren was elected Vice President.

1836 Van Buren was elected President is a close race.

1837 First Great Depression hurts the U.S. economy.

1838-39 Fifteen thousand Cherokee were forced to leave their Georgia homeland. 4,000 died on the journey now called the “Trail of Tears.”

1840 William Henry Harrison defeated Van Buren for the Presidency.

1862 Martin Van Buren died in Kinderhook, N.Y.

Martin Van Buren
1837 - 1841
Eighth President

Martin Van Buren was born in Kinderhook, New York on December 5, 1782. He was the first president to be born an American. All the other presidents had been British at birth.

He had red hair when he was young. Martin was 5' 6" tall. He was the shortest president since James Madison and perhaps the second shortest president ever.

Kinderhook was the home of two famous Americans, Martin Van Buren and author Washington Irving. Irving is best know for his book: "Rip Van Winkle"

Van Buren's family had six slaves. Slavery was legal in New York at that time. Later, Van Buren took a stand against slavery. While the State of New York was writing a new state constitution in 1821,Van Buren fought to extend the vote to Black Freeman. However, the provision included that they had to own $250 acers of land or money. This eliminated most Black Freemen from voting.

He was a lawyer. He passed the bar in 1803. In 1807 went to Hudson, New York. There he made $10,000 a year. He was viewed as one of the "gifted" lawyers in the Hudson River area.

Martin Van Buren married Hannah Hoes on February 21, 1807. She was 23 and he was 24. Hannah was his first cousin once removed.

Martin had four sons. His oldest sun went to West Point.

Martin worked in his father's tavern when he was young.

In 1812 he ran for the New York State Senate. He won the election by less than 200 votes out of 40,000 votes cast.

He was the second youngest person to be elected to the New York Senate.

Van Buren was the first president born in New York State.

He was also the first president born after the writing of the Declaration of Independence.

Van Buren was the first president of Dutch descent. (Some historians think he was the first ethnic president.) He spoke Dutch at home.

Martin Van Buren was credited with starting the Bucktails Political Party in New York. He is also credited as being the "father" of the Democratic Party that he worked on forming when he was a U.S. Senator.

In 1824, Martin visited Thomas Jefferson, his hero, and John Adams. He made the visits to gain their favor in creating a the Democratic Party.

In 1828, Van Buren left the US Senate and returned to New York to run for governor. He won the election, but didn't remain governor for long. In the spring of 1829, President Jackson appointed Martin as Secretary of State.

He supported Andrew Jackson who appointed Van Buren as Secretary of State and was his vice president during Jackson's second term. He spent a lot of time at the White House with Jackson. It was said they liked to play. blind man's bluff with Jackson's children.

As Secretary of State he negotiated several treaties including on with France. The treaty with France recover 25 million Francs that was owed to the United States. He also negotiated the first treaty with the Ottoman Empire, now known as Turkey.

When he was vice president (1833), he presided over the Senate wearing a pair of pistols, as a precaution against the frequent outbursts of violence.

Martin Van Buren had large mutton-chop sideburns. He was called the "Red Fox" because he had red hair and was a crafty politician.

Davy Crockett who was serving in congress criticized how Van Buren dressed. He said his clothes were "Feminine."

He opposed annexing Texas, which cost him being reelected.

When he was 68 he proposed marriage to Margaret Sylvester. She turn him down. She was 49 years old.

Van Buren was known as "Old Kinderhook." Some people called him O.K. This nickname is given credit for the origin of the word "okay or OK.."

Martin Van Buren was nicknamed "The Little Magician" for his ability to make backroom deals.

Van Buren was one of the founders of the Democratic Party. The men who ran his campaign were called "Bucktails." He is given credit for developing the invention of party caucuses, nominating conventions, and t he patronage system.

Martin was the youngest person to be elected to the office at that time.

Johnson, Van Buren's Vice President was the only Vice President to be selected by the U.S. Senate. Since no one had received a majority of the electoral votes the Senate had to elect the Vice President.

Van Buren's Vice President was Richard M. Johnson (1837-1841).

Martin Van Buren.
Library of Congress

Cherokee and Pottowatamie chiefs were in the parade. The wore their native costume including feathers beads and paint attended his inauguration.

The U.S. had several problems during his term. Soon after he became President, hundreds of banks failed causing financial panic. People lost their jobs and houses. It was an economic disaster that started before Van Buren was elected. Also, the arguments about slavery became more intense.

This was the most severe recession the United States had up to this point.

The public criticize for his fancy dress, his expensive carriages, and renovation of the White House including golden spoons. He was very unpopular.

Van Buren was one of two presidents at that time that didn't go to college and had not served in the military. (Cleveland was the other.)

When he was President he was given two tiger cubs by the Sultan of Oman.

On March 31, 1840 Van Buren issued and executive order that all federal workers would only work a ten hour day. Previously, they had worked from sunrise to sunset.

The capture of the slave ship Amisad. The slaves had taken over the ship near Cuba and took it North. This became a major legal battle with John Quincy Adams. Adams defending the slave. (See for more information.)

Martin Van Buren took $100,000, the sum of his salary as president for 4 years, in a lump sum at the end of his term.

Martin Van Buren was defeated in by William Henry Harrison in 1840. His opponents in in 1840 used the slogan "Little Van is a Used Up Man."

Van Buren was the first president to ever campaign for a second term. It would happen again for 50 years.

Harrison's party presented Harrison as growing up in a log cabin and that he was poor when he was younger. Neither items were true.

Harrison won in a landslide victory. He had 234 electoral votes to 60 for Van Buren.

In 1844, Van Buren made another run for the presidency.

One of the major reasons that Van Buren was defeated was he took a stand against annexing Texas to the union. He thought it would lead to a war with Mexico which it did.

Jackson was upset by Van Buren's letter against the annexation of Texas. Jackson then put his support behind Polk.

Van Buren most likely would have won the nomination, but the Democrats passed a convention rule that the winner had to have two-thirds vote from the delegates. Van Buren had over 50% on the first round of voting. Nine votes later James K. Polk was nominated.

President Van Buren's autobiography does not mention his wife once.

In 1848, he ran for President on the Free Soil party ticket. Taylor won the election. Van Buren did not win one electoral vote.

He lived to see eight Presidents from eight different sates succeed him.

When he retired he spent part of his time growing potatoes and other vegetables on his estate in Kinderhook. He had a large estate called Lindinwald. ( It is currently a National Park. Information about the park can be found at

In 1853, he travel to Europe to see Ireland, Great Briton, France and Italy. He visited the Pope while he was in Italy. He was the first former President to visit the Pope.

Martin Van Buren died in Kinderhook, New York (the same place he was born) on July 24, 1862. He was 79. Lincoln ordered all government offices closed the next day and flags were flown at half mast. At dawn 13 guns were fired and then a single shot every half hour until sunset.

He died a day and half after president Lincoln read the first draft of the Emancipation Proclamation to his cabinet. Van Buren was born during the revolution and died during the Civil War.

Quotes from Martin Van Buren:

"I have never yet seen unpretending, but honest zeal and practical efforts t be useful, go without their ultimate reward."

"As to the presidency, the two happiest days of my live were those of my entry upon the office and the day of my surrender of it."

"Indebted cannot be lessened by borrowing more money, of by changing the form of the debt."


NEW Facts about the Inaugurations

Nicknames for the Presidents

First Ladies

Presidents who died in office

Assassinations and Assassination Attempts

Vice Presidents who became Presidents

Presidential Salaries

Oldest living Presidents

Presidents' Military Service

Preidential Timeline of Key Dates

Books about U.S. President

Pets of the Presidents

Chronlogical (by Year) Order
Of the Presidents.




The Presidents of the United States. 22 September 2004:

Davis, Gibbs and Ilus. David A. Johnson. Wackiest White House Pets. New York: Scholastic Press, October 2004

James, Barber and Amy Pastan. Smithsonian Presidents and First Ladies. New York: DK Publishing, 2002

Kane, Joseph Natan. Facts about the Presidents from Washington to Johnson. New York: H.W. Wilson Company, 1964.

McCullough, Noah, The Essential Book of Presidential Trivia. Random House, USA, 2006

Pine, Joslyn, Presidential Wit and Wisdom: Memorable Quotes from George Washington to Barack Obama . Dover Publications, Mineola, New York, 2009

Huffington Post web site.

Lang, Stephen, The Complete Book of Presidential Trivia, Pelican Publishing Company, Gretna, 2011

O'Reilly, Bill, and Dugard, Martin, Killing Lincoln: The Shocking Assassination that Changed America Forever, Henry Holt and Company, New York, 2011

St. George, Judith In the Line of Fire: Presidents' Lives at Stake , Scholastic Inc. New York, 2001

In addition to these books, I have also read and have used information from those listed on my Books About Presidents page.


This page was last updated on Tuesday, April 9, 2019

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