Emmett Till

Mississippi Trial 1955
Chris Crowe

Civil Rights Post 1955
Jim Crow


We have citations listed in various sections. We have also listed most of our citations and references on this page for easy access.

Mississippi Trial 1955 (Federal Investigation)

Anonymous. "No Federal Charges In Emmett Till Murder; FBI Report Turned Over To District Attorney." Jet. 03 Apr. 2006: 10. eLibrary. Web. 10 Jan. 2012.

Anonymous. "Justice Department To Investigate 1955 Emmett Till Murder." Jet. 24 May. 2004: 4. eLibrary. Web. 10 Jan. 2012.

Vinikas, Vincent. "The Lynching of Emmett Till: A Documentary Narrative." Journal of Southern History 2(2004):473. eLibrary. Web. 10 Jan. 2012.

Joiner, L, Lottie.. "In 1955, a Young Boy's Brutal Murder Shocked the Nation." New Crisis. 01 Nov. 2003: 45. eLibrary. Web. 10 Jan. 2012.

Lott, Carolyn., Avery, Carol., Hadaway, Nancy L., Louie, Belinda Y., al, Et.. "Getting Away with Murder: The True Story of the Emmett Till Case." Language Arts 2(2004):145. eLibrary. Web. 10 Jan. 2012.

Getting Away With Murder-Citations

Kinnon, Bennett, Joy.. "Justice for Emmett." Ebony. 01 Aug. 2005: 176. eLibrary. Web. 09 Jan. 2012

Anonymous. "The Murder of Emmett Till." Booklist. 15 Mar. 2004: 1296. eLibrary. Web. 09 Jan. 2012.

Heppermann, M, Christine.. "Getting Away with Murder: The True Story of the Emmett Till Case." Horn Book Magazine. 01 Jul. 2003: 476. eLibrary. Web. 10 Jan. 2012.

16th Street Church Bombing

Mask, L., Mia.. "4 Little Girls.(Review)." Cineaste. 22 Dec. 1998: 80(3). eLibrary. Web. 09 Jan. 2012.

McCollum, Sean. "Justice delayed." New York Times Upfront. 25 Feb. 2002: 20. eLibrary. Web. 09 Jan. 2012.

Drabble, John. "The FBI, COINTELPRO-WHITE HATE, and the Decline of Ku Klux Klan Organizations in Alabama, 1964-1971."Alabama Review 1(2008):3. eLibrary. Web. 10 Jan. 2012.

Anonymous. "UU martyr's life documented in new film." UU World: The Magazine of the Unitarian Universalist Association. 01 Mar. 2005: 45. ELibrary. Web. 10 Jan. 2012.

Drabble, John. "The Informant: The FBI, the Ku Klux Klan, and the Murder of Viola Liuzzo." Alabama Review 2(2006):150. ELibrary. Web. 10 Jan. 2012.

Conflicts between the North and South (Civil War)

Hacker, David, J.. "A Census-Based Count of the Civil War Dead." Civil War History. 01 Dec. 2011: 307. eLibrary. Web. 09 Jan. 2012.

Hacker, J David., Hilde, Libra., Jones, James Holland.. "The Effect of the Civil War on Southern Marriage Patterns." Journal of Southern History 1(2010):39. eLibrary. Web. 10 Jan. 2012.

Goss, Thomas. "Gettysburg's "Decisive Battle"." Military Review. 01 Jul. 2004: 11. eLibrary. Web. 10 Jan. 2012.

Dubrulle, Hugh. "A military legacy of the Civil War: The British inheritance." Civil War History. 01 Jun. 2003: 153. eLibrary. Web. 10 Jan. 2012.

Pre 1955

Parchman Farm





Citations Rosa Parks and Montgomery Bus Boycott

Post 1955

Montgomery Bus Boycott (1955-1956). eLibrary. Web. 09 Jan. 2012.

The Montgomery Bus Boycott: 1956. eLibrary. Web. 09 Jan. 2012.

"Parks, Rosa L.." Compton's by Britannica, v 6.0. 2009. eLibrary. Web. 10 Jan. 2012.

Parks, Rosa (biography)." Her Heritage: A Biographical Encyclopedia of Famous American Women. 1.00 ed. 1995. eLibrary. Web. 09 Jan. 2012.

Post 1955 Sit-Ins

Bilyeu, Suzanne. "1960: SITTING DOWN TO TAKE A STAND." New York Times Upfront. 18 Jan. 2010: 24. eLibrary. Web. 09 Jan. 2012.

"Four College Students Changed History; 45th Anniversary of the Woolworth Lunch Counter Sit-In." About ... Time. 31 Jan. 2005: 14. eLibrary. Web. 09 Jan. 2012

Greensboro Protest. eLibrary. Web. 10 Jan. 2012.

Ling, Peter. "Racism for lunch." History Today. 01 Feb. 2000: 36. eLibrary. Web. 10 Jan. 2012.

Civil Rights Post 1955

Desegregation In Schools and Colleges

Huebner, S, Timothy.. "Roger B. Taney and the Slavery Issue: Looking beyond-and before-Dred Scott." Journal of American History 1(2010):17. eLibrary. Web. 09 Jan. 2012.

Brown, II, M Christopher. "Collegiate Desegregation as Progenitor and Progeny of Brown v. Board of Education: The Forgotten Role of Postsecondary...." Journal of Negro Education 3(2004):341. eLibrary. Web. 10 Jan. 2012.

"George Wallace." Economist. 19 Sep. 1998 eLibrary. Web. 10 Jan. 2012.

"The Giant Footsteps of a Little Girl." Journal of Blacks in Higher Education. 30 Apr. 2002: 23. eLibrary. Web. 10 Jan. 2012.

Viola Liuzzo

Catsam, Derek. "Cradle of Freedom: Alabama and the Movement that Changed America." Alabama Review 1(2006):78. ELibrary. Web. 10 Jan. 2012.

Taylor, Jared. "The many deaths of Viola Liuzzo. (1965 murder of civil rights worker)." National Review. 10 Jul. 1995: 38(2). ELibrary. Web. 10 Jan. 2012.

Why were Jim Crow laws created?

"Jim crow laws." Answers. Com. Web. 1.10.12. http://wiki.answers.com/Q/Why_were_the_Jim_Crow_Laws_made

"Jim crow." The history of jim crow. Web. 1.10.12. http://www.jimcrowhistory.org/history/creating2.htm.

"Jim crows laws." Infoplease. Web. 1.10.12. http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/history/A0826301.html.

"The origin of \"jim crow\"." The origin of \"jim crow\". Web. 1.10.12. http://vastudies.pwnet.org/pdf/jim_crow.pdf.

Emancipation Proclamation

Owens, Thomas, Mackubin.. "The Liberator." National Review. 08 Mar. 2004: 44. eLibrary. Web. 10 Jan. 2012.

Emancipation Proclamation. eLibrary. Web. 10 Jan. 2012. http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/featured_documents/emancipation_proclamation/

The Emancipation Proclamation: Online Text. eLibrary. Web. 10 Jan. 2012.

Emancipation Proclamation Site (Library of Congress). eLibrary. Web. 10 Jan. 2012.


Education citations in the 1940s-1960s

Johnson, Lauri. "A GENERATION OF WOMEN ACTIVISTS: AFRICAN AMERICAN FEMALE EDUCATORS IN HARLEM, 1930-1950." Journal of African American History 3(2004):223. eLibrary. Web. 09 Jan. 2012.

Morris, E, Jerome.. "Malcolm X's critique of the education of Black people." Western Journal of Black Studies 2(2001):126. eLibrary. Web. 09 Jan. 2012.

Bruce, Robert. "The Alarming Decline in the Academic Performance of African-American Men." Journal of Blacks in Higher Education. 30 Apr. 2000: 82. eLibrary. Web. 09 Jan. 2012.

www.Mel.org was where I got all the information

Jim Crow Laws in Mississippi, Kentucky and North Carolina.

"Jim Crow Laws." The Great American History Fact-Finder (1993). 1993. eLibrary. Web. 10 Jan. 2012.   

"Jim Crow laws." Hutchinson Unabridged Encyclopedia. 2005. eLibrary. Web. 10 Jan. 2012.

Anonymous. "Jim Crow Laws Remain on the Books." USA Today; New York. 01 Aug. 2004: 11. eLibrary. Web. 10 Jan. 2012.

Lasner, Fabian, Lynn.. "Fighting Jim Crow." Humanities. 01 Sep. 2002: 46. eLibrary. Web. 10 Jan. 2012.

Jim Crow Laws in Alabama, Tennessee and South Carolina

"Jim Crow Laws”  Examples of Jim Crow Laws. Web.  1-10-12 http://academic.udayton.edu/race/02rights/jcrow02.htm.

"History of Jim Crow Laws" Jim Crow Legislation Overview  Web. 1-10-12. http://www.jimcrowhistory.org/resources/lessonplans/hs_es_jim_crow_laws.htm.

What is Jim Crow? Web 1-10-12. http://www.ferris.edu/jimcrow/what.htm.

"Jim Crow Laws Explanation." Jim Crow laws Web. 1-10-12 http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USAjimcrow.htm.

This page was last updated on: Tue, Jan 17, 2012