Franklin D. Roosevelt - Assassination Attempt
Franklin Delano Roosevelt was elected president in November of 1932. He didn't take office until March 4, 1933. On February 15, 1933. Giuseppe Zangara tried to assassinate Roosevelt. Roosevelt was on vacation in Miami, Florida. He went to give a speech at Bay Front Park in Miami.
Zangara went to park with a .32 caliber revolver. He hope to get a front row seat, but people got there before him. He was only five feet tall so he could hardly see over the people in front of him.
At one point Zangara planned on assassinating Herbert Hoover, but he heard Roosevelt was going to be in Miami so he changed his plans. He was rumored to have said "Hoover and Roosevelt. Everyone the same."
After his speech Roosevelt was talking to the mayor of Miami, Anton Cermak. Cermack was an old friend of Roosevelt. As the crowed started to thin, Giuseppe Zangara climbed on a chair and fired at Franklin Roosevelt. Lillian Cross who was sitting in front of him and others grabbed him as he fired five more times.
Five people were hurt including Anton Cermak, the mayor. Roosevelt order the Secret Service to take Cermak to the hospital. FDR comforted Cermak on the way to the hospital. Mayor Cermak died two and a half weeks later from the bullet shot in is lung.
Giuseppe Zangara was sentence to die for the attempted assassination and the murder of Mayor Cermak. On March 20, 1933 after ten days in jail Zangara was executed.
1. Florida law prohibited convicted murders from being in the same cell. Another prisoner was in the "death" cell so they had to build another cell. So the cells were called "death row."
2. On the way to the hospital Cermak said to Roosevelt "I'm glad it was me and not you, Mr. President." Those words on on a plaque in Bayfront Park.
The Presidents of the United States. 22 September 2004: http://www.whitehouse.gov/history/presidents/
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