US Presidents
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U.S. Presidents
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George Washington
John Adams
Thomas Jefferson
James Madison
James Monroe
John Quincy Adams
Andrew Jackson
Martin Van Buren
William H. Harrison
John Tyler
James K. Polk
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Millard Fillmore
Franklin Pierce
James Buchanan
Abraham Lincoln
Andrew Johnson
Ulysses S. Grant
Rutherford B. Hayes
James A. Garfield
Chester A. Arthur
Grover Cleveland
Benjamin Harrison
William McKinley
Theodore Roosevelt
William H. Taft
Woodrow Wilson
Warren G. Harding
Calvin Coolidge
Herbert Hoover
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Harry S Truman
Dwight D. Eisenhower
John F. Kennedy
Lyndon B. Johnson
Richard M. Nixon
Gerald R. Ford
Jimmy Carter
Ronald Reagan
George Bush
Bill Clinton
George W. Bush
Barack Obama
Donald Trump


Key Dates

1903 Franklin D. Roosevelt graduated from Harvard University.

1910 Roosevelt is elected to the New York state legislature.

1913 President Wilson appoints Roosevelt as the Secretary of the Navy.

1921 Roosevelt is stricken with polio.

1928 Franklin Roosevelt is elected governor of New York.

1932 Franklin D. Roosevelt is elected President.

1933 Huge dust storms hit the Great Plains.

1933 Roosevelt makes his first "fireside chat."

1933 Roosevelt appoints Frances Perkins to Secretary of Labor. She is the first woman appointed to a cabinet position.

1933 21st Amendment to the Constitution passes ending Prohibition.

1935 Social Security is created.

1939 Germany invades Poland and WW II begins in Europe.

1941 Japan bombs Pearl Harbor. The U.S. enters WW II.

1945 Franklin Roosevelt dies and Harry Truman becomes President.

1946 President Truman appoints Eleanor Roosevelt as a delegate to the United Nations.



 

Franklin D. Roosevelt
1933 - 1945
32nd President

Roosevelt was born in Hyde Park New York on January 30, 1882.

Franklin Delano Roosevelt's mother forced him to wear a dress until he was five years old.

Genealogists have determined that FDR was related to: George Washington, John Adams, James Madison, John Quincy Adams, Martin Van Buren, William Henry Harrison, Zachary Taylor, Ulysses S. Grant, Benjamin Harrison, Theodore Roosevelt, and William Howard Taft.

Roosevelt loved to swim and was a college football player. While at Harvard Franklin worked on the student newspaper call "The Crimson." It is still being published.(http://www.thecrimson.com/)

He later entered law school at Columbia University.

He was influenced by his uncle Teddy Roosevelt and followed his careeer path as Assistant Secretary of the Navy, Governor of New York and finally the presidentcy.

On March 4, 1905, Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt attended Theordore Roosevelt's presidential inauguration.

In 1908, Eleanor and Franklin's son died.

One of his first jobs after college was as a law clerk. He saw that as a beginnig to a political careeer.

He wanted to run for the state house, but that job was filled with a popular representative, so he rad for the state senate. The democrates had only held that office once in his district. He was not a favorite to win, but he did.

In 1933, FDR declared that "Home on the Range" was his favorite song.

Franklin enjoyed siling his yacht the Half Moon.

He enjoyed snacking of Fruit Cake. He also enjoyed eating pancakes, fish, cabbage, sweet potatoes with toasted marsh mellows.

After losing in the 1920 election, Franklin sent the men who had worked with him on the campaign a set of cuff links engraved with their initials and Franklin's initials. It was the beginning of the "Cuff Link Club." He continued the tradition of giving his close supporters a set of cuff links after every election.

Franklin D. Roosevelt held the record for the number of times he met with the press: 998 times.

President Roosevelt contracted polio at 39. Through rigorous exercise, he learned to stand with braces.

Franklin Roosevelt defeated Herbert Hoover in 1932 to become President.


Franklin D. Roosevelt delivers a speech in New Albany, IN, during the 1932 Presidential campaign.
FDR, whistle stop, campaign
Franklin D. Roosevelt Library
(Click for larger image.)

Franklin D. Roosevelt was the only person who was elected President to four terms: 1932, 1936, 1940, 1944.

Franklin Roosevelt had three Vice Presidents during his terms:

  • John Nance Garner (1933-1941)
  • Henry A. Wallace (1941-1945)
  • Harry S Truman (1945)

Franklin Roosevelt was the fourth cousin once removed of Ulysses Grant, fourth cousin three times removed of Zachary Taylor, fifth cousin of Theodore Roosevelt

FDR served hot dogs to the King and Queen of England when they came for a visit. And his dog, Major, once bit the British Prime Minister, Ramsey McDonald.

In 1935, all plane flights over the White House were barred because they were disturbing President Roosevelt's sleep.

He has a black Scottie name Fala. He was perhaps the most famous of all White House pets. Fala can be seen in several photos of Roosevelt.

Roosevelt like to play poker.

Roosevelt smoked cigarettes. Sometimes he would smoke a pack a day. (20 cigarettes in a pack. You will often see pictures of him smoking with a cigarette holder.

FDR was the first president whose mother wes eligible to vote for him.

Social Scrutiny began during his term in office.

After his inauguration in 1937, FDR watched the parade from a reviewing stand in front of the White House built to look like Andrew Jackson's Tennessee home.

Franklin D. Roosevelt was the first president to fly in an airplane. He did it in 1943.

In 1943, he dedicated the Jefferson Memorial in Washington, D.C.

FDR was the first president to have his own airplane, the first to travel through the Panama Canal, the first to visit a foreign country during wartime (6-10-43).

He was also the first president to visit South Americana and Hawaii.

He was the first president to name a woman to his Cabinet, Frances Perkins, Secretary of State.

I'd Rather Be Right was a humorous play that opened on November 2, 1937. It satirized the highest office of the land as it related to FDR.

Franklin D. Roosevelt was the first President to have air conditioning in the White House.

President Roosevelt vetoed 935 bills passed by congress. Congress only overrode nine of his vetoes.

Franklin threatened to pack (add more members) the Supreme Court because the court declared so many of the acts of congress unconstitutional.

FDR requested that the White House Easter Egg Roll be discontinued, which it was, for 11 years. Dwight D. Eisenhower brought the tradition back in 1953.



He was the first President to be seen on television.

FDR started the presidential library tradition in 1939 when he donated his papers to the U.S. and asked the National Archives to administer them. His presidential library was the first to be dedicated.

His image is on the U.S. dime. You may have one in your pocket.

Roosevelt Dime

Franklin D. Roosevelt died on April 12, 1945 in Warm Springs, Ga. He was 63 years and 72 days old. He is buried in a family plot in Hyde Park, N.Y.

Quotes from Roosevelt:

Every time an artist dies part of the vision of mankind passes with him.
1941, As FDR Said, p. 161

In reference to giving a speech he said: "Be sincere, be brief, and be seated."

"When you get to the end of your rope, tie a knot and hang on."

"People who are hungry and out of a jobs are the stuff of which dictatorships are made."

Sites:

Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library and Museum

 

Topics


NEW Facts about the Inaugurations

Nicknames for the Presidents

First Ladies

Presidents who died in office

Assassinations and Assassination Attempts

Vice Presidents who became Presidents

Presidential Salaries

Oldest living Presidents

Presidents' Military Service

Preidential Timeline of Key Dates

Books about U.S. President

Pets of the Presidents

Chronlogical (by Year) Order
Of the Presidents.

 





Sources:

The Presidents of the United States. 22 September 2004: http://www.whitehouse.gov/history/presidents/

Davis, Gibbs and Ilus. David A. Johnson. Wackiest White House Pets. New York: Scholastic Press, October 2004

James, Barber and Amy Pastan. Smithsonian Presidents and First Ladies. New York: DK Publishing, 2002

Kane, Joseph Natan. Facts about the Presidents from Washington to Johnson. New York: H.W. Wilson Company, 1964.

McCullough, Noah, The Essential Book of Presidential Trivia. Random House, USA, 2006

Pine, Joslyn, Presidential Wit and Wisdom: Memorable Quotes from George Washington to Barack Obama . Dover Publications, Mineola, New York, 2009

Huffington Post web site.

Lang, Stephen, The Complete Book of Presidential Trivia, Pelican Publishing Company, Gretna, 2011

O'Reilly, Bill, and Dugard, Martin, Killing Lincoln: The Shocking Assassination that Changed America Forever, Henry Holt and Company, New York, 2011

St. George, Judith In the Line of Fire: Presidents' Lives at Stake , Scholastic Inc. New York, 2001

In addition to these books, I have also read and have used information from those listed on my Books About Presidents page.

 


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This page was last updated on Tuesday, December 11, 2012

For comments or corrections email jim@anewadventure.org.