US Presidents
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U.S. Presidents
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George Washington
John Adams
Thomas Jefferson
James Madison
James Monroe
John Quincy Adams
Andrew Jackson
Martin Van Buren
William H. Harrison
John Tyler
James K. Polk
Zachary Taylor
Millard Fillmore
Franklin Pierce
James Buchanan
Abraham Lincoln
Andrew Johnson
Ulysses S. Grant
Rutherford B. Hayes
James A. Garfield
Chester A. Arthur
Grover Cleveland
Benjamin Harrison
William McKinley
Theodore Roosevelt
William H. Taft
Woodrow Wilson
Warren G. Harding
Calvin Coolidge
Herbert Hoover
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Harry S Truman
Dwight D. Eisenhower
John F. Kennedy
Lyndon B. Johnson
Richard M. Nixon
Gerald R. Ford
Jimmy Carter
Ronald Reagan
George Bush
Bill Clinton
George W. Bush
Barack Obama


Key Dates

1794 James Madison and Dolley Payne Todd married.

1801 Jefferson appointed Madison as Secretary of State.

1808 Madison was elected president

1810 Congress voted to resume trade with Great Britain and France.

1812 British harassment of U. S. ships and the kidnapping of sailors resulted in Madison declaring war on Great Britain.

1812 Madison was reelected.

1813 Oliver Hazard Perry had an important victory in the Battle of Lake Erie.

1814 Washington D.C. is invaded by Great Britain. Dolley Madison rescued documents before the British burned the President's House. (It was not called the White House until later.

1814 The British attacked Fort McHenry in Baltimore. Francis Scott Key composes the Star-Spangle Banner.

1814 War with Britain ended.

1815 General Andrew Jackson won a battle in New Orleans. Both armies didn't know the war had ended.

1816 The second bank of America was established.

1836 James Madison died.

1849 Dolley Madison died.



 

James Madison
1809 - 1817
4th President

James Madison was born in Port Conway, Virginia at midnight on March 16, 1751. He is one of seven Presidents from Virginia.

His friends called him "Jemmie." He was the oldest of 12 children.

James Madison was called "The Father of the Constitution." He was one of two presidents to sign the Constitution. (George Washington was the other.)

During the Continental Congress James Madison took extensive notes that allow historians to know what happened during the congress. (The congress is where our current constitution was written.

He was the youngest representative at the Continental Congress.

Madison was the shortest and slightest president. He was only 5 ft. 4 in. tall and weighed just 100 pounds,

Madison and Zachary Taylor were second cousins.

Madison finished his undergraduate degree at Princeton in two years. He stayed at the university for another year after he graduated making him the first graduate student at Princeton.



James (43) married Dolley Payne Todd (26) on September 15, 1794. She widow with one son.

Madison owned slaves.

James Madison: half first cousin twice removed of George Washington.

Madison served as Secretary of State for President Jefferson.

He won the election with 122 electoral votes, Pinckney had 47, and Clinton 6. In his second election Madison had 128 electoral votes and Clinton 89 electoral votes.


James Madison. Stuart,
Gilbert, 1755-1828, artist.
Library of Congress

James Madison was the first president to have an inaugural ball in Washington, D.C. It was held in Long's hotel.

Madison usually dressed in black.

As President, James Madison lead the US against the British during the War of 1812, (1812-1814). Although he never served in the military.

He was also the first president to ask Congress to declare war.

President Madison was the first president who had been a congressman. Other offices he held besides President are:

  • Member of Virginia Constitutional Convention, 1776
  • Member of Continental Congress, 1780-83Member of Virginia Legislature, 1784-86
  • Member of Constitutional Convention, 1787
  • Member of U.S. House of Representatives, 1789-97
  • Secretary of State, 1801-09 in Jefferson's Presidency.

During his terms, James Madison had two Vice Presidents and had times when no one was serving as Vice President. He was only president who had two vice presidents die while he was in office.

  • George Clinton (1809-1812)
  • none (1812-1813)
  • Elbridge Gerry (1813-1814)
  • none (1814-1817)

James Madison was the first President to regularly wear trousers instead of knee breeches.

His salary for being President was $25,000.00.

The first state formed from the Louisiana Purchase was added to the U.S. The state was Louisiana.

Indiana became a state during his administration.

The Madison's may have been the first President and First Lady to serve their guests ice cream.

When the British burned the White House, the president and his wife fled. His wife Dolley, however, was able save the Declaration of Independence and a painting of George Washington.

Madison was one of three Presidents who didn't have any children.

Dolley Madison was very popular. One source said she was also the first person to send personal message by telegraph.

Dolley had a pet parrot who lived in the White House with the Madison's. The parrot outlived both Dolley and James.

Madison was the last president from the Federalist Party.

He served as president of the University of Virginia after leaving office.

His last words were: "I always talk better lying down."

James Madison died after 6 a.m. on June 28, 1836. He was 85 years and 104 days old. He is buried in Montpelier, Va. He died of heart failure.

Quotes:

"If men were angels, no government would be necessary." Federalist Papers

"Conscience is the most sacred of all property."

Topics


NEW Facts about the Inaugurations

Nicknames for the Presidents

First Ladies

Presidents who died in office

Assassinations and Assassination Attempts

Vice Presidents who became Presidents

Presidential Salaries

Oldest living Presidents

Presidents' Military Service

Preidential Timeline of Key Dates

Books about U.S. President

Pets of the Presidents

Chronlogical (by Year) Order
Of the Presidents.



Sources:

The Presidents of the United States. 22 September 2004: http://www.whitehouse.gov/history/presidents/

Davis, Gibbs and Ilus. David A. Johnson. Wackiest White House Pets. New York: Scholastic Press, October 2004

James, Barber and Amy Pastan. Smithsonian Presidents and First Ladies. New York: DK Publishing, 2002

Kane, Joseph Natan. Facts about the Presidents from Washington to Johnson. New York: H.W. Wilson Company, 1964.

McCullough, Noah, The Essential Book of Presidential Trivia. Random House, USA, 2006

Pine, Joslyn, Presidential Wit and Wisdom: Memorable Quotes from George Washington to Barack Obama . Dover Publications, Mineola, New York, 2009

Huffington Post web site.

Lang, Stephen, The Complete Book of Presidential Trivia, Pelican Publishing Company, Gretna, 2011

O'Reilly, Bill, and Dugard, Martin, Killing Lincoln: The Shocking Assassination that Changed America Forever, Henry Holt and Company, New York, 2011

St. George, Judith In the Line of Fire: Presidents' Lives at Stake , Scholastic Inc. New York, 2001

In addition to these books, I have also read and have used information from those listed on my Books About President page.

 

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This page was last updated on Wednesday, October 3, 2012

For comments or corrections email jim@anewadventure.org.