US Presidents
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U.S. Presidents
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William H. Taft
Woodrow Wilson
Warren G. Harding
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Herbert Hoover
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Harry S Truman
Dwight D. Eisenhower
John F. Kennedy
Lyndon B. Johnson
Richard M. Nixon
Gerald R. Ford
Jimmy Carter
Ronald Reagan
George Bush
Bill Clinton
George W. Bush
Barack Obama


Key Dates

1890 Dwight Eisenhower was born in Denison, Texas.

1915 Dwight D. Eisenhower graduated from West Point.

1930's Served as military aid to General McArthur.

1943 General Eisenhower was made commander of the allied forces in Europe.

1945 Truman named Eisenhower Chief of Staff.

1948 - Served as the president of Columbia University.

1950 Served as commander of the NATO forces in Europe.

1952 General Eisenhower retired from the army after serving 37 years.

1952 Dwight D. Eisenhower was elected President.

1953 Eisenhower ended the Korean War.

1954 The Supreme Court ruled that segregation in schools is unconstitutional.

1955 Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on the bus.

1955 Eisenhower suffered a serious heart attack.

1956 Reelected President of the United States.

1957 The Soviet Union launched its first satellite into space.

1957 Eisenhower sent troops to help desegregate an all white high school in Little Rock, Arkansas.

1969 Dwight D. Eisenhower died.



 

Dwight David Eisenhower
1953 - 1961
34th President

Eisenhower was one of two Presidents born in Texas. He was born in Denison, Texas on October 14, 1890. He was the first President born in Texas. However, he lived in Abilene, Kansas most of his life.

He was the last president to be born in the nineteenth century.

Dwight Eisenhower was a Presbyterian.

He was admitted to West Point. The first time he ever traveled east of the Mississippi River was when he traveled to West Point.

He played football in college and was injured trying to tackle Jim Thorpe. He was on West Point's team but was forced to quit the team due to a knee injury.

After he hurt his knee he became a cheer leader for the football team. He studied football so much that the coach asked him to coach the junior varsity team. His team won most of their games.

His class at West Point was referred to as "the class the stars fell on." Of the 164 students in his class 59 rose to the rank of brigadier general or higher, 3 to the rank of full general and 2 to the rank of general of the army.

Even though he was an athlete he smoked a lot of cigarettes. He smoke four packs of cigarettes a day. The doctors told him to cut back. So he quit smoking completely.

Dwight was 5' 10" tall and weighed 180 pounds.

In October 1915, he met Mamie Geneva Doud at the Sam Houston Army base. He proposed to her on Valentine's Day, 1916.

They were married on July 1, 1916. Mamie was only 19 and Ike was twenty-five. Eisenhower was very disappointed that he was not sent to France during W

He spent nearly 9 years working for General McCarther. He also worked with General Marshall and General Pershing. All of these men are famous American Generals.

General Eisenhower was in charge of the D-Day invasion during World War II. He was made a 5-star general afterward.

When Eisenhower returned to the United States after WWII he gave a speech to Congress. He recieved the a standing ovation that was the longest ovation ever given by Congress.



He served as President of Columbia University. He didn't like the job, because it took to much discussion to get anything done.

In 1947, Truman offered to run for vice president if Eisenhower would run for president. Eisenhower turned him down becasue he had always been a Republican.

Dwight Eisenhower was the first nominee to travel by airplane while campaigning.

For his inauguration on January 20, 1953, he had thirty-six relatives attend the event. Truman, unknown to Ike, ordered Ike's son home from the Korean War for the inauguration. His son did return to the war and was on the front lines.

He seldom wore a suit more than twice.

Ike heard that Truman and his wife Bess were going to take the train home to Missouri after the ceremony. He offered to have them fly home on the presidential plane. Truman took the train.

Eisenhower was the first president who was a licensed pilot, and he initiated the use of Air Force One. (Both George H. and George W. were pilots also.)

President Eisenhower signed the bill creating NASA, The National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

Dwight Eisenhower was the only President who served in WWI and WWII.

President Eisenhower belonged to the Republican Party.

Dwight Eisenhower was the first President to serve under a constitutionally limit to the presidential term of eight years.(22nd Amendment.)

While he was campaigning for President he said he would visit Korea. The U.S. was involved in Korean War. He kept his pledge and went to the front lines to visit with the troops and see what the conditions were like. At with the men and talked to soldiers fighting the war. Bringing the Korean War to an end after six months in office was one or his greatest successes.

Dwight Eisenhower was the first president to be baptized after taking office.

Eisenhower was the only bald president in the 21st century.

Ike was the first President over 49 and later 50 states. Alaska and Hawaii were admitted during his time in office.

A special golf putting green was installed on the White House lawn for him to practice his golf shots. He loved to play golf and once played at Augusta with Bobby Jones and famous golfer. In 1961, he had a whole in one.

Besides golf, he enjoyed playing bridge and fly fishing.

Ike's favorite books were Western action stories.

He enjoyed cooking. You can view his family cookbook online.

When the Eisenhower bought a farm in Gettysburg in 1950, it was the first permanent home they owned.

Dwight Eisenhower was elected President in 1952 and 1956. Dwight Eisenhower's Vice President was Richard Nixon (1953-1961).

There were several pressing issues at this time:

  • The Korean War
  • Senator McCarthy's on going witch hunt for communist in the government.
  • The cold war with Russia/Soviet Union.
  • Reducing government spending
  • Providing aid to Europe to rebuild after the war.
  • Civil Rights
  • The Middle East

Eisenhower wrote a book that earned $475,00, the Crusade in Europe.

Dwight Eisenhower was the first President to have his news conference recorded by both newsreels and television. (January 19, 1955)

He held more news conferences (193) than any other president.

On October 4, 1957, the Soviet Union launched the first man-made satellite. It was called Sputnik. It sent out a "beeb" via a radio signal. I remember listening to the beep on my friends "ham radio." Eisenhower was critized for letting the Russions beat us into space.

In April of 1958, Eisenhower asked congress to establish the National Areonautics and Space Administration (NASA).

Eisenhower was the first president to have three successive Congresses controlled by the opposition party. (ie The Democrats held the majority in the House and Senate.)

He was the first President to fly in a helicopter. He was also the first president to have an exclusive jet. His first flight in a jet airplane was in 1959. He flew to Europe aboard "Air Force One."

In 1971, a dollar coin was minted showing Eisenhower on the front and the moon landing on the back.

coin

Dwight had a Wiemaraners named Heidi and Spunky.

On June 29 1956, Eisenhower signed the Federal-Aid Highway Act which helped build highways stretching the length and width of our country. No other country has a highway system that can match the ones in the United States.

Ike was the first President to submerged in an atomic-powered submarine. (Sept. 26, 1957)

In 1959, Queen Elizabeth II and Dwight Eisenhower opened the Saint Lawrence Seaway. Both Truman and Eisenhower had fought to have the seaway controlled by both Canada and the United States.

He suffered at least two heart attacks while he was president, but recovered quickly.

President Eisenhower signed the first Civil Rights legislation in 1960. The bill addressed the rights of black Americans to vote. In 1957+ he had sent troops to Arkansas to protect black students trying to enroll in Little Rock High School.

Eisenhower meets with Martin Luther King, Jr. (left) and A. Philip Randolph (right) in the Oval Office on June 23, 1958.
National Archives and Records Administration.
(Click for larger image.)

Dwight Eisenhower liked to eat TV dinners while watching westerns.

He was the first President to appear on color television.

Eisenhower was named Time Magazine's Man of the Year in 1944 and 1959.

At the time of his retirement he was the oldest man to be president in the history of the US. Reagan later became the oldest president.

When he retired there were several things he didn't know how to do. Since 1940, the people that worked for him took care of all of his needs so he didn't have to do some task. For example he didn't know how to make a phone call. He would just tell and aid to get someone on the line. The last time he made a call (in the early 40's) he picked up the phone and told them the number he wanted. He didn't know what to do when he heard a dial tone.

He also didn't know how to mix frozen orange juice, he forgot how to type, buy tickets, pay tolls on the highway, or adjust a television.

He enjoyed painting pictures but wasn't able to draw, so he had someone else draw the pictures he painted. Winston Churchill the Prime Minister of England go his started painting.

He was the first retired president to have Secret Service Agents assigned to him. He was happy that this service was expanded to cover his wife when he died.

Ike had several heart attacks and had been in the hospital for some time. His last words were "I want to go; God take me."

Dwight Eisenhower died in Washington, D.C. on March 28, 1969. He as 78.

His funeral on March 30, brought 75 world leaders to Washington. The eulogy was delivered by President Richard Nixon

Quotes from Dwight Eisenhower:

"America is best described by one word, freedom."
Jan. 9, 1959

"Dollars and guns and no substitutes for brains and will power."
Radio Panel, June 3, 1953

"I just don't believe we should amend ...the Constitution every time we think a new law ought to be passed." May 13, 1959; Press Conference.

"Well the fact is, of course, I've watch Dick (Nixon) a long time, and he just hasn't grown. So I just haven't honestly been able to believe that he is presidential timber." Eisenhower in discussing if Nixon should run for Vice President during Ike's second term.

Sites:

Eisenhower National Historic Site

 

Topics


NEW Facts about the Inaugurations

Nicknames for the Presidents

First Ladies

Presidents who died in office

Assassinations and Assassination Attempts

Vice Presidents who became Presidents

Presidential Salaries

Oldest living Presidents

Presidents' Military Service

Preidential Timeline of Key Dates

Books about U.S. President

Pets of the Presidents

Chronlogical (by Year) Order
Of the Presidents.

 



Sources:

The Presidents of the United States. 22 September 2004: http://www.whitehouse.gov/history/presidents/

Davis, Gibbs and Ilus. David A. Johnson. Wackiest White House Pets. New York: Scholastic Press, October 2004

James, Barber and Amy Pastan. Smithsonian Presidents and First Ladies. New York: DK Publishing, 2002

Kane, Joseph Natan. Facts about the Presidents from Washington to Johnson. New York: H.W. Wilson Company, 1964.

McCullough, Noah, The Essential Book of Presidential Trivia. Random House, USA, 2006

Pine, Joslyn, Presidential Wit and Wisdom: Memorable Quotes from George Washington to Barack Obama . Dover Publications, Mineola, New York, 2009

Huffington Post web site.

Lang, Stephen, The Complete Book of Presidential Trivia, Pelican Publishing Company, Gretna, 2011

O'Reilly, Bill, and Dugard, Martin, Killing Lincoln: The Shocking Assassination that Changed America Forever, Henry Holt and Company, New York, 2011

St. George, Judith In the Line of Fire: Presidents' Lives at Stake , Scholastic Inc. New York, 2001

In addition to these books, I have also read and have used information from those listed on my Books About President page.

 

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This page was last updated on Tuesday, February 5, 2013

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