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Eliza McCardle Johnson

Eliza McCarle was born in Leesburg, Tennessee on October 4, 1810.

Firt Lady E. Johnson
Library of Congress

Before she and Andrew started dating she declared "There goes the man I'm going to marry."

She married Andrew Johnson on May 17, 1827.

When they were married, Andrew didn't know how to read very well. Eliza tutored him in reading and taught him how to read and write.

Eliza and Andrew had five children. (Martha, Mary, Charles, Robert and Andrew Jr.)

She encouraged her husband to become involved in politics and he went from being Mayor of Greeneville, to U.S. Senator, Vice President, and President.

She became ill with tuberculosis and by the time Andrew became President, she was an invalid. She lived and stayed on the second floor of the White House most of the time.

Her daughter Martha Johnson Patterson fulfilled most of the obligations of the First Lady.

Her husband was impeached. Eliza stayed by his side and when he was acquitted, she said "I knew it!"

After he left the Presidentcy, he became a Senator in 1874. In 1875, he died of a stroke.

Six months later, Eliza Johnson died of tuberculosis.

She and her husband are buried in Greeneville, Tennessee. They are buried on Monument Hill. It was earlier called Signal Hill because it was the highest hill in the area. Their two sons bodies were moved the the same location. Their grandsons and other descendents have also been buried at this location.

 

 

 

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First Ladies Home

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Sources of Information:

Books:
Barden, Cindy,Meet the First Ladies, Lorenz Corp.
Gormley, Beatrice,First Ladies: Women Who Called The White House Home (First Ladies) , Scholastic Paperbacks, 1997
Smith, Carter, Editor,Smithsonian Presidents and First Ladies DK Publishing, New York, 2002

Web Sites:
The White House: http://www.whitehouse.gov/history/firstladies/
Portraits of the Presidents and First Ladies: http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/odmdhtml/